Contents


Extra exercise: Passive or Active


1. More telephone boxes (1) were smashed in the West End. The hooligans (2) haven't been caught yet. Everyone who (3) can give information (4) will get a reward if these hooligans (5) are arrested.

2. The famous pop star Paul McCartney (6) was seen in King’s Road yesterday around 6 o’clock. He (7) was being driven slowly along the street by his driver, who (8) stopped in front of Harrods where McCartney (9) met his wife and daughter. Paul and his family (10) are/ will be in London for one week because of his concert which (11) will take place next Thursday. Tickets for that concert (12) can be bought at the usual booking offices.


Explanations

(1) The smashing happened in the past and is over now.
(2) 'yet' (= up to now) is a signal word for Present Perfect.
(4) will-part of if-pattern I
(5) condition (if...) of if-pattern I
(6) That's tricky! You have got a specific time in the past (so you would expect the progressive here, but 'to see' is not used in the progressive form. (> I'm seeing her. = I'm meeting her.) You could also write 'has been seen'.
(7) Here the specific time in the past does take the progressive.
(10) Here more than one tense is correct: are; will be; is going to be
(11) future; better: 'takes place' because there must be some kind of schedule and you would use the Simple Present with future reference.